- FuelPositive’s patent-pending first-of-its-kind system features an entirely non-polluting process of ammonia (“NH3”) production, using 30% less energy than traditional methods
- Carbon-free NH3 contains 65% more hydrogen than highly compressed hydrogen and addresses challenges associated with storing and distributing hydrogen
- Through its proprietary system, which stores hydrogen in carbon-free ammonia, the company is making possible the green hydrogen economy, with hydrogen able to be efficiently used for energy storage, long-distance transportation of energy, as fuel for internal combustion engine vehicles, and for other applications
We’ve all heard about the hydrogen economy. So why isn’t it happening?
In 2019, the transportation sector generated 29% of the total greenhouse gas emissions in the United States, the highest of the main economic sectors (https://ibn.fm/Jy6VS). According to 2020 statistics from the U.S. Energy Information Administration (“EIA”), gasoline accounted for 56% of the country’s transportation energy use, while diesel was responsible for 24%. In total, petroleum products accounted for a whopping 90% of the energy use (https://ibn.fm/7h2gQ), demonstrating the heavy reliance on these fossil fuels despite the growing availability of electric vehicles and all the talk about the hydrogen economy.
The hydrogen economy envisions a future where carbon-free hydrogen is used for energy storage, long-distance transportation of energy, and as fuel for vehicles and heat generation. With the heightened consciousness around emissions spearheaded by governments setting net-zero greenhouse emission targets, carbon-free “green” hydrogen is emerging as a key piece of the zero-emissions puzzle.
As a fuel, hydrogen has no rival — it burns cleanly and produces more power per unit of weight than gasoline or diesel or even lithium-ion batteries. But moving to the hydrogen economy is not as simple as it sounds. There are practical problems that have so far prevented its implementation. FuelPositive Corp. (TSX.V: NHHH) (OTCQB: NHHHF), a company committed to clean energy solutions, is making the green hydrogen economy possible through its proprietary carbon-free ammonia (“NH3”) system.
While hydrogen is an ideal energy carrier that can help address numerous energy issues, its use faces several hurdles. Firstly, blue and grey hydrogen production (the only kind today) using the traditional methods is energy intensive and almost entirely relies on fossil fuels. According to the International Energy Agency (“IAE”), about 6% of natural gas and 2% of coal produced globally go into hydrogen production. As a result, it is responsible for about 830 million tons of CO2 emissions per year (https://ibn.fm/NurmL). That is not acceptable since the purpose behind the hydrogen economy is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Even when sustainable electricity is used to produce green hydrogen, it is an extremely energy intensive process.
Secondly, once produced, hydrogen is extremely volatile. Being lighter than air and even gasoline vapor, hydrogen rapidly rises and disperses upon escaping. This property is compounded by the fact that hydrogen is highly flammable and requires the lowest ignition energy of any fuel (https://ibn.fm/MbHUo), making it a risk for explosions. This, therefore, necessitates an expensive and safe storage in pressurized containers, which unfortunately presents another problem. As a gas, hydrogen must be compressed to extreme pressures to be adequate for transportation use and as a liquid, it boils off at standard temperatures (e.g., a hypothetical car with a full liquid hydrogen tank sitting in your garage on Friday would have an empty tank on Monday due to room-temperature boil-off).
What about distribution? Hydrogen is known to embrittle steel pipes, necessitating more expensive, specially engineered pipelines to prevent hydrogen from escaping. Hydrogen is the smallest element on the periodic table. It’s so small it can even work its way in between the crystalline structure of metals, making them brittle and susceptible to cracking and failure. But hydrogen can be transported in chemical carriers, including liquid inorganic carriers such as ammonia. This is where FuelPositive’s carbon-free NH3 comes in.
NHHHF’s patent-pending first-of-its-kind system enables the company to produce NH3 without relying on hydrocarbons in a dramatically less expensive process. The system also requires 30% less energy than conventional NH3 production methods.
What’s more, carbon-free ammonia, which is made up of about 17.8% hydrogen by weight, also contains a higher volumetric hydrogen density/content than both liquid and compressed hydrogen. FuelPositive puts the figure at 65% more hydrogen than highly compressed hydrogen (https://ibn.fm/Hm4Pc). A 2020 review titled “Ammonia as effective hydrogen storage” observes that the content is 187% higher when liquid ammonia is used (https://ibn.fm/benoS).
With storage and distribution infrastructure already in place, NH3 can be transported in tanker trucks, through pipelines and on ships. At the same time, FuelPositive’s in-situ carbon-free NH3 modular production systems can be installed with the end users, reducing the reliance on these unnecessary forms of ammonia distribution.
“So, think of ammonia as the perfect carrier of hydrogen, and if the end-user requirement is pure hydrogen, then the safest and most practical way to get that hydrogen where it needs to be is through FuelPositive carbon-free ammonia,” the company concludes.
For more information, visit the company’s website at www.FuelPositive.com.
NOTE TO INVESTORS: The latest news and updates relating to NHHHF are available in the company’s newsroom at https://ibn.fm/NHHHF
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